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4 edition of A computational model of collaboration on referring expressions found in the catalog.

A computational model of collaboration on referring expressions

Peter Anthony Heeman

A computational model of collaboration on referring expressions

by Peter Anthony Heeman

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  • 7 Currently reading

Published by National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada in Ottawa .
Written in English


Edition Notes

SeriesCanadian theses = Thèses canadiennes
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination2 microfiches : negative.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14712520M
ISBN 100315740906
OCLC/WorldCa30071614

CS Computational Models of Discourse Reference List James Allen and C. Raymond Perrault. Analyzing Intention in Utterances. Artificial Intelligence, , vol. 15(3). pp. Aone, Chinatsu and Scott Bennett. Evaluating automated and manual acquisition of anaphora resolution strategies. referent of a pronominal expression. Toward an Integrated Model A number of existing computational models of reference will accurately resolve the pronoun in excerpt (1) but fail to do so in excerpts like (2). Similarly, the same models would have difficulty describing the use of the repeated NP in excerpt (3).

In theoretical computer science and mathematics, the theory of computation is the branch that deals with how efficiently problems can be solved on a model of computation, using an field is divided into three major branches: automata theory and formal languages, computability theory, and computational complexity theory, which are linked by the question: . Language allows us to express and comprehend an unbounded number of thoughts. This fundamental and much-celebrated property is made possible by a division of labor between a large inventory of stored items (e.g., affixes, words, idioms) and a computational system that productively combines these stored units on the fly to create a potentially unlimited array of new expressions.

Designing Computational Models of Collaborative Learning Interaction: Introduction to the Workshop Proceedings Amy Soller1, Patrick Jermann2, Martin Mühlenbrock3, Alejandra Martínez4 1 ITC-IRST, via Sommar Povo, Trento, Italy 2 Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH Lausanne, Switzerland 3 German Research Center . Basic concept, uses. Formalizations of common ground. Achieving common ground. Clark's Grounding models (Definite reference, referring as a collaborative process, contributing to discourse). Lecture 2:Feedback and Repair, Early Computational Grounding Models Computational Models of speech acts. Multifunctionality of Utterances.


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A computational model of collaboration on referring expressions by Peter Anthony Heeman Download PDF EPUB FB2

Collaborating on Referring Expressions Peter A. Heeman* University of Rochester Graeme Hirst t University of Toronto This paper presents a computational model of how conversational participants collaborate in order to make a referring action successful. The model is based on the view of language as.

This thesis presents a computational model of how a conversational participant collaborates in order to make a referring action successful.

The model is based on the view of language as goal-directed behaviour. As such we propose that the content of a referring expression can be accounted for by the planning paradigm. An argument that computational models can shed light on referring, a fundamental and much-studied aspect of communication.

To communicate, speakers need to make it clear what they are talking about. The act of referring, which anchors words to things, is a fundamental aspect of language. In this book, Kees van Deemter shows that computational models of reference. A Computational Model of Collaboration on Referring Expressions.

By Peter Anthony Heeman. Abstract. In order to refer to an object, a speaker attempts to build a description of the object that will allow the hearer to identify it. Since the description might not enable the hearer to identify the referent, the speaker and hearer might engage in Author: Peter Anthony Heeman.

This thesis presents a computational model of how an agent collaborates on reference in direction-giving dialogues. Viewing language as goal-oriented behaviour, we encode route descriptions, referring expressions, and discourse actions in the planning paradigm.

A Computational Model of Referring Douglas Appelt, Amichai A computational model of collaboration on referring expressions book Artificial Intelligence Center and CSLI SRI International Menlo Park, California ABSTRACT We present a model of referring within the framework of a general theory of speech acts and rationality.

Following an act of referring, the hearer is expected to accomplish two tasks: first. because most referring expressions are produced by and for humans, most computational research on the production of referring expressions has been evaluated in terms of human-likeness, i.e.

similarity of the output to referring expressions produced by humans (Reiter & Dale, ; Viethen & Dale, ; Gatt, Belz, & Kow,). Although. This paper presents a computational model of how conversational participants collaborate in making referring expressions. The model is based on the planning paradigm.

It employs plans for constructing and recognizing referring expressions and meta-plans for constructing and recognizing clarifications. This work aims presenting a computational modeling to extract specific data from textual repository, in order to build social and complex networks. These networks structures are implicit in texts.

This paper presents the model process, which involves text mining by regular expressions, and the construction of networks. To validate the model, an experimental procedure was. based models of reference resolution.

1 Introduction In this paper, we present work in progress to-wards the development of a rule-based computa-tional model to describe how various forms of shared visual information combine with linguis-tic cues to enable effective reference resolution during task-oriented collaboration.

Computational Models of Discourse: Generating Referring Expressions Caroline Sporleder The linguistic form of a referring expression reflects the current state of the discourse (and the speaker’s beliefs about the hearer’s The pages of the book which I.

In conversation, speakers and addressees work together in the making of a definite reference. In the model we propose, the speaker initiates the process by presenting or inviting a noun phrase. Before going on to the next contribution, the participants, if necessary, repair, expand on, or replace the noun phrase in an iterative process until they reach a version they mutually accept.

This article presents a computational model of the production of referring expressions under uncertainty over the hearer's knowledge. Although situations where the hearer's knowledge is uncertain.

Appell, D. (e). Some pragmatic issues in the planning of definite and indefinite referring expressions. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computa- tional Linguistics (pp.

Published by the Association for Computational Linguistics. Appelt, D. & Kronfeld, A. A computational model of referring. computational model of discourse structure, at the ACL meeting.

Then, after several decades of research centered on dialogue systems, my research focus shifted to modeling collaboration. This shift was driven in part by the need for computational models of collaborative activities to support dialogue processing, a topic which I explore.

This article presents a computational model of the production of referring expressions under uncertainty over the hearer's knowledge. Although situations where the hearer's knowledge is uncertain have seldom been addressed in the computational literature, they are common in ordinary communication, for example when a writer addresses an unknown audience, or when.

We present a collaborative approach towards a detailed understanding of the usage of pointing gestures accompanying referring expressions. This effort is undertaken in the context of human-machine interaction integrating empirical studies, theory of grammar and logics, and simulation techniques.

The underlying computational model is based on three principles of collaborative negotiation from the literature in social psychology. The social behavior of the agent is made visible through its dialogue strategy.

We evaluated our model by showing that these principles are correctly perceived by human observers on synthetic dialogues.

This paper presents a computational model of how conversational participants collaborate in order to make a referring action successful. The model is based on the view of language as goal-directed behavior.

We propose that the content of a referring expression can be accounted for by the planning paradigm. Book Description: To communicate, speakers need to make it clear what they are talking about. The act of referring, which anchors words to things, is a fundamental aspect of language. In this book, Kees van Deemter shows that computational models of reference offer attractive tools for capturing the complexity of referring.

Appelt's earlier work on various aspects of planning noun phrase referring expressions Appelt b, b, cc has been carried further in collaboration with .referring expression Heeman and Hirst presented a computational model of collaboration on the construction of a referring expres-sion.

This model uses the kinds of conversational moves that were observed by Clark and Wilkes-Gibbs () in their laboratory studies of conversants speaking about hard-to-describetangramfigures.

Itcovers theagent who.A Computational Model of Collaborative Creativity: A Meta-Design Approach: /ch The role of collaboration in the realm of social creativity has been the focus of cutting edge research in design studies. In this paper, the authors.